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Living in Saudi Arabia: Unlocking the Rich Cultural Experience

Welcome to Saudi Arabia, a fascinating country known for its rich culture, captivating landscapes, and modern developments. From the bustling cities of Riyadh and Jeddah to the historical sites of Mada'in Saleh and the stunning Red Sea coastline, Saudi Arabia offers a unique blend of tradition and innovation.

Living in Saudi Arabia

Considering Living in Saudi Arabia? Here's What You Need to Know!

Living as an expat in Saudi Arabia offers a high standard of living with ample disposable income for indulgences. While some, especially women, may find certain restrictions and the insularity of housing compounds challenging, there are numerous advantages. 

These include lucrative contracts, generous employment packages, access to international schools, and private healthcare facilities, making Saudi Arabia an attractive destination.

Finding Accommodation: Your Guide to Housing in Saudi Arabia

  • Expat housing in Saudi Arabia often consists of secure compounds with a high demand.
  • Discuss your housing requirements with your employer before relocating.
  • Apartments and villas in compounds are typically fully furnished.
  • Compounds offer a range of facilities including swimming pools, tennis courts, libraries, shopping centers, restaurants, and even schools.
  • Compound life is self-contained, and some residents rarely venture outside the compound.
  • Rent in compounds can be expensive, but many employers provide a housing allowance.
  • Prepare to pay up to a year's rent in advance.
  • Utilities such as electricity, gas, and water are typically charged separately.

Discovering the Rich Local Culture of Saudi Arabia

  • Expat compounds provide secure housing and are popular among expats.
  • Discuss your housing requirements with your employer in advance.
  • Compounds offer fully furnished apartments and villas with various amenities.
  • Facilities include swimming pools, tennis courts, libraries, shopping centers, and schools.
  • Compounds provide a self-contained environment, but some residents rarely leave the compound.
  • Rent can be high, but many employers offer a housing allowance.
  • Prepare to pay up to a year's rent in advance, and utilities are typically charged separately.

Navigating the Cultural Landscape

  • Saudi Arabia is a conservative Islamic country with strict regulations.
  • Customs from your home country may be more strictly regulated.
  • Islam governs various aspects of life, including politics, business, family, and hygiene.
  • Practicing any religion is allowed within the privacy of your home, but proselytizing is forbidden.
  • Breaking the law can lead to severe punishments.

Patriarchal Society and Women's Constraints

  • Saudi Arabia is an extremely patriarchal society.
  • Expat women may struggle to adapt to strict rules and constraints.
  • While the law is less harsh now, patriarchal Islamic values dominate the social sphere.
  • Women are not required to wear an abaya or cover their heads in public, but conservative dressing is advised.
  • Both men and women should dress modestly, covering their legs and shoulders.

Social and Legal Considerations

  • Alcohol consumption is prohibited in Saudi Arabia, except within expat compounds.
  • Non-Muslims are expected to respect Islamic dietary laws, which prohibit pork.
  • Strict censorship laws apply to films, TV shows, press, and freedom of speech.
  • Content may be censored for immorality or causing political offense.

Note: It's important to conduct thorough research and stay updated on the latest regulations and guidelines before moving to Saudi Arabia.

Education System in Saudi Arabia: An Overview


  • School Week:
    • The school week in Saudi Arabia is from Sunday to Thursday.
    • During Ramadan, school hours may be shortened.
  • Public Schools:
    • Public schools in Saudi Arabia primarily teach in Arabic.
    • Expat children are allowed to attend public schools but language and cultural differences can pose challenges.
  • Private Tuition:
    • Due to high staff turnover and a shortage of qualified teachers, expats may opt for private tuition in addition to their children's education.
  • International Schools:
    • Some international schools in Saudi Arabia are governed by embassies, giving preference to their respective nationalities.
    • Certain schools offer multiple curricula.
    • Waiting lists for admission are common and fees tend to be high.
    • Unlike public schools, international schools are usually co-educational.

Please note that the formatting style used here is a combination of short paragraphs and bulleted lists for better readability.

Staying Connected: Communication Tips for Living in Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia provides fast ADSL and fiber broadband services, along with expanding mobile broadband networks. Competitive internet packages are offered by major companies like Saudi Telecom Company (STC), Mobily, and Zain. 

These companies also serve as the leading mobile phone providers. Opening an account requires presenting your Iqama (work permit). Arab News is the favored English-language newspaper, while local publications mainly focus on hard news with a global perspective.

Healthcare Essentials: Navigating the Medical System in Saudi Arabia

The healthcare facilities in Saudi Arabia are on par with those in Western Europe and the USA. There is a wide range of options available, including both public and private hospitals and clinics. However, for specialized treatments, it may be necessary to seek medical care outside the country.

Public Healthcare:

The standard of public healthcare in Saudi Arabia is commendable. Expatriates working in the private sector are required to have medical insurance, which leads to the majority of them opting for private hospitals. Private hospitals generally offer a higher standard of care, but it's important to ensure that your medical insurance coverage is adequate due to potential costs. Many medical staff in these hospitals are expatriates who can communicate effectively in English.

Pharmacies and Medications:

Pharmacies in Saudi Arabia provide a wide variety of medicines. They typically operate from 9:30 am to 1:00 pm and from 4:30 pm to 10:30 pm. Some hospitals have 24-hour pharmacies that offer both prescription and over-the-counter medications.

Ambulance Services:

Ambulance services in Saudi Arabia are primarily managed by public hospitals. The response times are generally prompt, and the paramedics are well-trained and fluent in English.

Getting Around: Transportation Guide for Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia currently faces challenges in the development of its public transport infrastructure.

  • The majority of the population relies heavily on private vehicles or taxis for their transportation needs.
  • Due to the country's low import duties and affordable petrol prices, driving remains the most cost-effective option for many.
  • While Saudi Arabia boasts an extensive road network, the driving culture can be characterized by erratic behavior among some local drivers.
  • Although women are now permitted to drive, a significant number still opt to hire drivers or depend on male relatives for transportation.
  • Expatriate compounds often provide shuttle services tailored for women and children, offering a convenient transport solution.
  • For expat women without drivers or shuttle access, taxis are a common choice. However, it's essential to book them in advance, and fares can rise significantly during religious occasions such as Ramadan, Hajj, and Eid.
  • Within urban areas and between cities, well-maintained, air-conditioned buses are available, ensuring comfortable travel for passengers.
  • Furthermore, long-distance bus services connect Saudi Arabia to neighboring countries, facilitating regional travel.
  • While rail transport options are limited, both Mecca and Riyadh benefit from the presence of metro systems, enhancing local transportation within these cities.
  • For swift intercity travel, air transportation is the preferred method, offering the fastest connections between Saudi cities.
  • Saudia, the national airline, as well as other international carriers, operate domestic and international flights, catering to a wide range of destinations.
  • Prominent airports serving the country include King Khalid International Airport in Riyadh, King Abdulaziz International Airport in Jeddah, and King Fahd International Airport near Dhahran.

Cost of Living in Saudi Arabia: Budgeting and Expenses

Saudi Arabia provides a more affordable cost of living in comparison to other Middle Eastern countries. Expatriates frequently experience a luxurious lifestyle, particularly due to employment perks that include housing, transportation, and education. Nevertheless, expenses such as compound accommodation and international school fees can be quite high. The availability of inexpensive petrol ensures that owning a car is within reach, and local groceries are reasonably priced. However, imported food and dining out can be relatively costly.

Top Tips for Living in Saudi Arabia: Dos and Don'ts


  1. Respect local customs and traditions, such as dressing modestly and observing Islamic practices.
  2. Familiarize yourself with Saudi laws and regulations to ensure you stay within the legal boundaries.
  3. Build strong relationships with locals, as they can provide valuable insights and support.
  4. Take advantage of the luxurious lifestyle and employment benefits offered, such as housing and transportation allowances.
  5. Explore Saudi Arabia's rich cultural heritage and visit historical sites and landmarks.


  1. Do not engage in public displays of affection, as it is considered inappropriate.
  2. Avoid consuming alcohol, as it is strictly prohibited in Saudi Arabia.
  3. Do not criticize or disrespect the royal family or Islam, as it is considered highly offensive.
  4. Refrain from taking photographs of sensitive areas or people without obtaining permission first.
  5. Avoid discussing sensitive topics, such as politics or religion, in public conversations.

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